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Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases are a group of disorders characterized by the immune system mistakenly attacking the body’s own healthy cells and tissues. In a normally functioning immune system, it recognizes foreign substances and protects the body from infections and diseases.

However, in autoimmune diseases, the immune system fails to distinguish between foreign invaders and the body’s own cells, leading to chronic inflammation and damage to various organs and systems. There are over 80 known autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, and celiac disease.

The exact causes of autoimmune diseases are not fully understood, but a combination of genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors is believed to contribute to their development. Treatment options for autoimmune diseases vary depending on the specific condition but often involve managing symptoms, reducing inflammation, and suppressing the immune system.

Related Specialties

Nutrition

Rheumatology

Internal Medicine

General and Family Medicine

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